PROFILE OF TELANGANA STATE
The Telangana State was formed on 02.06.2014 as 29th State of Indian Union. The Telangana Region originally was a part of princely state of Hyderabad of erstwhile Nizam. In 1948, it became part of Indian Union and Hyderabad State was formed. On 1st November 1956 the Telangana part of Hyderabad State was merged with the then Andhra State and was named as Andhra Pradesh. A movement for separate Telangana State was intensified in 1969 and picked up momentum from 2001 onwards. In 2014 the Central Govt. has taken a decision to separate Telangana Region from the State of Andhra Pradesh by carving out 10 Districts of Telangana to form a new State of Telangana (29th) w.e.f. 2nd June 2014. The Hyderabad city has been identified as capital of Telangana State. Sri K.Chandrashekarrao became the first Chief Minister of Telangana State.
The Telangana State is spread over an area of 1.14 lakh square kilometers with a population of 3.5 crores (approx). The State comprises of 10 districts viz., Adilabad, Nizamabad, Karimnagar, Warangal, Medak, Nalgonda, Khammam, Mahaboobnagar, Rangareddy and Hyderabad. The Telangana state is surrounded by the states of Maharashtra, Karnataka and the residuary state of Andhra Pradesh. Telugu and Urdu are the main languages spoken in the region and Marathi & Kannada are also spoken in some parts of the region.
The State is having rich mineral deposits and forests. The deposit of carbon (coal) is available in the districts of Adilabad, Karimnagar and Khammam. The State-run Singareni Collieories (a joint venture with Central Govt.) is mining the coal in the State. It is a major employer in the state. Major limestone reserves are available in the districts of Nalgonda and Rangareddy districts where many cement and clinker factories are functioning. The Khammam district has granite stone and Iron ore deposits. The Adilabad district has a long forest belt and produces forest products such as Honey, Tendu (beedi) leaves, Timber etc., apart from, Cotton crop and Cotton Ginning activities concentrated in the district. The unique art of painting with colours made from the nature, is being done at Nirmal area of Adilabad district. The Karimnagar district has a distinction of having large power projects such as NTPC, T-GENCO. The Nizamabad district has the first irrigation Project of Telangana region ie., Nizamsagar and Sriramsagar Project at Pochampad have transformed the districts of Nizamabad and Karimnagar as rice bowl of Telangana State. 2 hydel power stations are also functioning at the project sites at the above project sites of Nizamabad District. The Turmeric cultivation is concentrated in the Armoor area of Nizamabad district which is highest turmeric producer in the entire Telangana State and the Armoor Region is also having no. of seed processing units and the seed of Red Jowar produced in the district is reckoned at all India level.
The Warangal district is famous for its tourist places like 1000 pillars temple, Ramappa temple, Pakala tank and Kakatiya Shilatoranam etc. Cotton is also abundantly grown in the district and the Yenumamula market yard is one of the largest market yards in the country. The Pembarthi village in Warangal district is famous for its metal craft.
The Srisailam and Nagarjunasagar Projects are serving in Mahaboobnagar and Nalgonda districts by providing Irrigation & hydel power. The Ramoji film city which facilitates film production of world class is located in Rangareddy district. The Medak District has a distinction of having biggest Industrial cluster at Ramachandrapuram / Patancheru, Defence Factory sites at BDL, Banur, OFC at Eddumailaram etc. are major employers in the Region. The Singur Project, a major source of drinking water supply to Hyderabad city is also situated in the District.
The Hyderabad metro and its surroundings are housed PSUs like BHEL, HAL, HMT, HCL, Midhani, DRDL, ECIL, Ordinance factory etc. The Hyderabad city is also famous for its IT companies viz, Mahindra Satyam, Wipro, Infosys, TCS, HCL etc. The Hyderabad city is also known for its monuments such as Golconda fort, Charminar and Salarjung museum. It is also famous for its Pearl/Bangles trade, Nehru Zoological Park and IT activities etc.
Some of the famous pilgrim sites such as Temples, Mosques and Churches of the country are situated in the State of Telangana viz., Saraswathi Temple at Basara in Adilabad District, Sri Seetharamachandraswamy Temple at Bhadrachalam in Khammam District, Sri RajaRajeshwara Swamy Temple, at Vemulawada in Karimnagar District, Sri Lakshmi Narasimha Swamy Temple at Yadagirigutta in Nalgonda District, Mucca Masjid in Hyderabad city, Bada Pahad Darga in Nizamabad District, Darga near Shadnagar in Mahaboobnagar District and Church of South India at Medak.
The Major Rivers flowing through the Districts are Godhavari, Krishna, Manzeera and Moosi which are facilitating Irrigation, Power generation and drinking water to the state.
The present State Bank of Hyderabad was known as Hyderabad State Bank during the period of Nizam’s rule in the Hyderabad State and performed the duties of Central Bank such as administering the state currency ie., Osmania Sikka and managing the public debt.
The Telangana state govt. has chosen the State Bank of Hyderabad as their Principal Banker for its operations. Reserve Bank of India designated the SBH as Convenor of SLBC on 29.05.2014 for the Telangana State. The SBH is serving the Telangana State as Lead Bank in 7 districts and SBI in 3 districts.